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Textiles (Key Stage 4)

Exam Board: OCR

Please Note: We are currently in the process of reviewing our curriculum. Further details will be published on our website in due course.

Year 9

What will pupils study this year?

Students will begin the 3 year GCSE in Design and Technology by completing a range of design and make projects to develop skills and understanding that will provide them with the necessary knowledge to successfully complete the NEA and Exam element of the GCSE specification.



 Autumn Term

 Presentation Skills

 8 week project where pupils will learn how to present work in a clear and professional style. Skills covered include;

CAD (2D Design) | Mathematical drawings i.e. isometric, exploded views, scaling and crating. | Presentation techniques i.e. rendering, swatch, slash techniques, fashion sketches | Modelling techniques, how to use paper and card to make prototype models.

 Practical Skills: Decorative techniques

 4 week focused practical task to develop student practical skills across a range of techniques. Developing ability to work independently using the machine. Focus on introducing understanding of fibres and fabrics with working properties. Combining techniques to embellish different fabrics whist assessing suitability. Techniques to be sampled/ assessed and evaluated

 Subject Knowledge

  •  Colour Theory - Theory behind how and why colour is used. Focus on Primary, Secondary, Contrasting and harmonious colours. Colour and its meanings.
  • Papers and Boards- Different types of boards, advantages and disadvantages, ‘real life’ uses, experimentation with different uses.
  • Categorisation of Materials - Natural and Manufactured timbers. Natural and Man-made Fibres
  • Characteristics and Properties of Materials - Natural and Manufactured timbers. Natural and Man-made Fibres
  • Measuring and marking - scale drawings. Unit conversion, Mathematical drawings- orthographic etc.
  • Primary and Secondary Research
  • Technical specification
  • Fibres and Fabrics
  • Tessellated Patterns
  • Combining materials (wood and fabric)
  • Ergonomics and Anthropometrics - learn how Anthropometric data can be used to make products more ergonomically suitable for specific users. Data will be applied to practical application and design work.
  • Smart Materials
  • Levers/Mechanisms

 Spring Term

 Making Skills: Children's Construction Project

  Researching and developing a useable storage item for children. Developing skills using fastenings, construction methods alongside core subject knowledge about fibres and fabrics. Designs will be developed and modified as part of an iterative design process to allow designs to develop from modifications and prototypes. Evaluation and testing

 Design and Make: Sustainable project

 Students developing a product that uses sustainable resources Practical project that builds on student’s practical knowledge from prior projects to move on to a more independent design and make. All students will be given a set sized piece of cotton to force them to be economical with resources. Sustainable energy and environmental issues will be taught alongside practical skills and following an iterative design process. The will also be given a choice of components made of plastic and aluminium so that their knowledge of material properties can be applied practically to support their theory.

 Subject Knowledge

  •  Manufactured Boards- Understanding the properties of manufactured boards and the advantages and disadvantages compared to natural timber.
  • Thermo and Thermosetting Plastics - and/or
  • Fibres and fabrics- Understanding the properties of different fabrics.
  • Renewable/Non-renewable resources - Categorisation of fossil fuels, alternative energy sources and materials. Advantages and disadvantages of each source.
  • Product Lifecycles- Students will learn that all products have an environmental impact during their lifecycle. The will look at how this impact can be assessed and how improvements can be made.
  • Measuring and Marking- Scale drawings, accuracy, modelling and testing.
  • Technical Specification
  • Stock Forms Production Log- focus on tools, accuracy, safety, modifications.
  • Materials properties- Acrylic Plastic, MDF, Aluminium and/or cotton.
  • Practical Skills- Planning, cutting, drilling, sanding and assembling. No set outcome other than the limitations in materials.

 Summer Term

 Mock Exam Revision

 Using a variety of revision techniques and application tasks students will prepare for the mock exam unit. This will include identified theory subjects and maths and science application. Disassembly and construction will be used to prepare for production log section of the paper.

 Subject Knowledge

 Assessment of student’s theory knowledge at this stage. Focus on:

  •  Colour Theory
  • Manufactured Boards
  • Fibres and Fabrics
  • Ergonomics and Anthropometrics
  • Product Lifecycles
  • Renewable and non-renewable resources
  • Material Properties
  • Material uses, Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Assessment: Mock exam paper

 Students will continually revisit core subject knowledge in preparation for the exam in year 11 (50% of the final mark) 


Year 10

What will pupils study this year?

Students will complete the 2nd year of the 3 year GCSE course in Design & Technology beginning with completing a mock NEA in preparation for the unit 2 NEA (50% of the final grade) in June of year 10 into year 11. All core course content will be re- covered from year 9 and delivered through different projects focusing on key elements across the curriculum in preparation for the year 10 Mock exam and the final exam in year 11 (50% of the final grade).



 Autumn Term

 Iterative Design Challenge: Cultural and Social Dining Experience (Context taken from OCR release materials)

 A design and make ‘mock’ run through of the iterative design context focusing on students’ knowledge of key headings and assessment points. All students will follow an iterative design process and there will be no set outcome though the theme will be ‘dining experience’ so the outcome may include lighting, tableware, children’s dining, sensory dining, music etc. Students will complete - Analysis - Research - Designing - Speciation - Design Development - Practical planning and making - Evaluation

 Subject Knowledge

  •  Materials Knowledge: properties and application to their product.
  • Construction: Construction techniques and how they can be applied to their product.
  • Technical knowledge (where applicable): Electronic circuits, smart materials, e-textiles, CAD/CAM.
  • Sustainability: Knowledge of sustainability and the impact of their design.
  • Ergonomics and Anthropometrics: Knowledge of and how it can be applied to their product.
  • Colour Theory: Building on prior knowledge to apply to design work.

 Spring Term

 Presentation Skills

 6 week project where pupils will learn how to present work in a clear and professional style. Skills covered; Maker rendering | Presentation techniques i.e. marker rendering, swatch, slash techniques | Advanced mathematical drawings i.e. isometric, one point perspective, orthographic | Presentation techniques i.e. rendering, swatch, slash techniques | Modelling techniques, how to use modelling materials to make prototype models.

 Principles of Ikea

 Theory preparation and revision taught through the IKEA concept and ideals. In this project all students will design and make a flat pack, laser cut, souvenir product that could be marketed at an IKEA store. The main focus of the project is for students to learn more about global production and ethical selling using IKEA as a research case study. The theory knowledge that students acquire through this project will be used to develop a product that reflect IKEAS’s approach to designing. The Theory from this Unit, as well as theory knowledge from Year 9 will be used to inform the Yr10 mock assessment.

 Subject Knowledge

  •  Applying maths: How maths knowledge can be applied to design and presentation questions.
  • Colour Theory: - Designing with colour, considering target user and their needs. Seasons, availability of colours. Recap of Yr9 colour theory coverage.
  • Theory based around Ikeas key goals/considerations-
  • Cost- Factors that affect the cost of a product i.e. material selection, wages, transportation, sales and profit, circular economy.
  • Design- Skandium design style that focuses on function as well as aesthetics. How design is altered to meet the needs of its customers.
  • Materials- selection of materials and how this affects price, sustainable selection of materials, use of cheaper materials such as manufactured boards.
  • Sustainability- IKEA’s approach to improving sustainability- transportation, materials, production, natural resources etc.
  • Ethical practice- What is ethical practice? How does IKEA approach this? How would it affect your design?
  • Globalisation- What is globalisation and how does it affect how IKEA trades? Advantages and disadvantages of globalisation and what allowed globalisation to take place.
  • Marketing- Marketing techniques, cultural implications of marketing.
  • Stakeholders- what are stakeholders and what impact does this have on our designs.  

 Summer Term

 At the start of summer term students will be preparing for their last mock exam of year 10. This assessment will include theory content from year 9 and year 10. Additional theory content that they will learn includes;-

 Cost | Material selection and cost | Sustainability | Ethical practice | Globalisation | Marketing techniques | Stakeholders.

 On the 1st June the exam board will release the design context for the NEA that students will study in year 11. The final of this term will be spent researching and investigating the context that has been set so that students are fully prepared for the NEA when they return in September.


Year 11

What will pupils study this year?

Students will complete the Controlled Assessment Unit 2 as part of the 3 year GCSE in Textiles Technology. Exam preparation lessons will be taught alongside the Controlled Assessment lessons in preparation for the unit 1 exam (40% of the final grade). Students will have increased curriculum time of 1 additional hour per week to facilitate time for this.



 Autumn Term

 NEA Controlled Assessment (context set by OCR exam board)

 In this term students will start the NEA project that has been set by the exam board. This context changes each year so that only a limited amount of time can be spent on this unit. This unit will make up 50% of a students overall grade so it is vital that they can work quickly and effectively to achieve the highest grade possible in a limited time. This format of this unit will mirror what students have already completed in year 10 so students will be fully prepared to independently tackle each aspect of this unit. All students will follow an iterative design process with no set outcome, focusing on creativity and meeting a target user’s needs. Based on their research students will need to produce a range of design ideas that will be developed to consider function, aesthetics, ergonomics and user influences.

 As part of this unit students will complete - Analysis - Research - Designing - Specification - Design Development - Planning - Making - Testing – Evaluation.

 Year 11 Assessment

 In the Autumn term students will complete their first mock assessment. This will assess knowledge from year 9,10 and 11 so revision will be vital to refresh students knowledge of these subjects.

 Spring Term

 NEA Controlled Assessment (continued)

 In the spring term students will continue with the NEA controlled assessment. In this term they will be making their idea and there will be a high emphasis on iterative modelling and making skills. Students will have to independently make their design idea so planning and independent skills will be vital in successfully completing this part of the unit.

 Summer Term

 Exam Preparation 

 At the start of summer term students will be preparing for their last mock exam of year 11. This assessment will include theory content from year 9, 10 and 11 and will help us to predict student outcomes in the summer. Revision materials will be provided for each of these assessments and there is an expectation that students will revise for these exams at home. The NEA controlled assessment will be submitted this term and the written exam completed on dates that will be confirmed by the exam board.